Tenaris Announces 2021 Third Quarter Results

The financial and operational information contained in this press release is based on unaudited consolidated condensed interim financial statements presented in U.S. dollars and prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standard Board and adopted by the European Union, or IFRS. Additionally, this press release includes non-IFRS alternative performance measures i.e., EBITDA, Free cash flow and Net cash / debt. See exhibit I for more details on these alternative performance measures.

LUXEMBOURG, Nov. 03, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Tenaris S.A. (NYSE and Mexico: TS and EXM Italy: TEN) (“Tenaris”) today announced its results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2021 with comparison to its results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Summary of 2021 Third Quarter Results

(Comparison with second quarter of 2021 and third quarter of 2020)

  3Q 2021 2Q 2021 3Q 2020
Net sales ($ million) 1,754   1,529   15 % 1,013   73 %
Operating income (loss) ($ million) 231   152   52 % (70 )  
Net income (loss) ($ million) 326   290   12 % (36 )  
Shareholders’ net income (loss) ($ million) 330   294   12 % (33 )  
Earnings (losses) per ADS ($) 0.56   0.50   12 % (0.06 )  
Earnings (losses) per share ($) 0.28   0.25   12 % (0.03 )  
EBITDA ($ million) 379   301   26 % 107   254 %
EBITDA margin (% of net sales) 21.6 % 19.7 %   10.6 %  

Our sales in the third quarter rose by a further 15% sequentially, led by North and South America, even as sales in the Middle East continue to be affected by destocking and those in Europe by seasonal factors. Our EBITDA margin rose above 20% following an increase in average selling prices while the increase in cost of sales was contained, despite higher raw materials and energy costs, by an improved industrial performance and higher absorption of fixed costs.

With the continuing ramp up of operations at our industrial facilities in the United States, including the reopening of our Ambridge, PA, seamless pipe mill and our Baytown, TX, heat treatment and finishing facilities, and higher activity levels, working capital during the quarter increased by $276 million. Cash provided by operating activities totaled $53 million and with capital expenditures of $74 million during the quarter, our free cash flow was slightly negative and our net cash position at September 30, 2021 declined to $830 million compared to $854 million in the previous quarter.

Interim Dividend Payment

Our board of directors approved the payment of an interim dividend of $0.13 per share ($0.26 per ADS), or approximately $153 million. The payment date will be November 24, 2021 , with an ex-dividend date on November 22, 2021 and record date on November 23, 2021.

Termination of NKKTubes joint venture

On November 2, 2021, Tenaris reached a preliminary agreement with JFE Holdings Inc. (“JFE”) to terminate the joint venture for the operation of the seamless pipe manufacturing facility in Kawasaki, Japan.

The facility, located in the Keihin steel complex owned by JFE, has been operated by NKKTubes, a company owned 51% by Tenaris and 49% by JFE, since 2000. NKKTubes has been dependent on JFE’s Keihin steel complex for the supply of raw materials, energy and other essential services.

On March 27, 2020, JFE had informed Tenaris of its decision to permanently cease as from JFE’s fiscal year ending March 2024 the operations of its steel manufacturing facilities located at the Keihin complex. In light of that development, Tenaris and JFE engaged in discussions and ultimately determined that the project was no longer economically sustainable and, accordingly, amicably agreed to terminate their joint venture and liquidate NKKTubes.

The parties have agreed to cease NKKTubes’ manufacturing operations by the end of June 2022 and to dissolve the company by the end of December 2022.

Tenaris and JFE highly recognize the contribution of NKKTubes’ employees. The parties are committed to work in good faith to provide adequate communication and support under the present circumstances.

Tenaris and JFE are also committed to ensure the supply of tubular material, including 13 Chrome alloy products, to NKKTubes’ international customers after its closure. In addition, JFE will support NKKTubes’ domestic customers according to customers’ needs.

Tenaris and JFE will also engage in an open dialogue with suppliers, local community groups and governmental entities affected by the NKKTubes dissolution.   

Tenaris and JFE intend to continue discussing cooperatively with respect to other aspects of the dissolution of the joint venture, with a view towards reaching a definitive agreement prior to June 2022.

For information on the accounting impact of the NKKTubes termination, see note 23 Subsequent events to the consolidated condensed interim financial statements as of September 30, 2021.

Market Background and Outlook

The strength of the global economic rebound so far this year and lower levels of investment in the energy sector over the past years have resulted in a tighter energy market. As OPEC+ countries continue to contain production levels and large, publicly listed US shale producers restrain capital spending, global oil inventories have declined below 5-year average levels and are supportive of high prices.

Drilling activity in the U.S. and Canada continues to increase led by private operators and further gradual increases are likely in the coming months. In Latin America, drilling activity has shown a recovery this year, with higher activity in the Vaca Muerta shale in Argentina and in Colombia as well as the offshore regions of Brazil, Mexico and Guyana. In the Eastern Hemisphere, drilling activity is now recovering gradually and this recovery should extend further in the coming months though demand for OCTG will continue to be tempered by ongoing destocking in key Middle East markets.

We anticipate that sales will show a further increase in the fourth quarter, again led by North America, where the market has absorbed excess OCTG inventories and prices are increasing. Our EBITDA margin in the fourth quarter should remain close to the current level as price increases compensate for raw material, energy and logistic cost increases.

On October 27, 2021, in response to a petition from U.S. Steel Tubular Products, a small number of other U.S. domestic welded OCTG producers, and a steelworkers’ union, the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) initiated anti-dumping duty investigations on OCTG imports from Mexico, Argentina and Russia and countervailing duty investigations on OCTG imports from Russia and South Korea. The International Trade Commission (ITC) is required to make a preliminary determination of injury. In case of a negative ITC determination, the investigations will be terminated. Otherwise, the investigations will proceed until the DOC and the ITC make final determinations. Tenaris, which imports OCTG from Argentina and Mexico to complement its production in the United States, believes that the petition is unjustified and intends to vigorously challenge any claim that its imports are causing or threatening injury to the U.S. domestic OCTG industry. At this time, Tenaris cannot predict the outcome of this matter or estimate the potential impact, if any, that the resolution of this matter may have on Tenaris’s business. Over the past 15 years, Tenaris has realized substantial investments, more than any other company, in acquisitions and new production to build up a competitive OCTG production system in the United States; we believe we are well placed to continue serving our customers even in case of an adverse resolution of the matter.

Analysis of 2021 Third Quarter Results

Tubes

The following table indicates, for our Tubes business segment, sales volumes of seamless and welded pipes for the periods indicated below:

Tubes Sales volume (thousand metric tons) 3Q 2021 2Q 2021 3Q 2020
Seamless 675 611 10 % 383 76 %
Welded 71 79 (10 %) 99 (28 %)
Total 746 690 8 % 482 55 %

The following table indicates, for our Tubes business segment, net sales by geographic region, operating income and operating income as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated below:

Tubes 3Q 2021 2Q 2021 3Q 2020
(Net sales – $ million)          
North America 901   706   28 % 353   155 %
South America 314   230   37 % 131   140 %
Europe 141   170   (17 %) 126   12 %
Middle East & Africa 199   228   (13 %) 262   (24 %)
Asia Pacific 52   62   (17 %) 75   (31 %)
Total net sales ($ million) 1,607   1,397   15 % 946   70 %
Operating income (loss) ($ million) 200   130   53 % (66 ) 402 %
Operating margin (% of sales) 12.4 % 9.3 %   (6.9 %)  

Net sales of tubular products and services increased 15% sequentially and 70% year on year. The sequential increase reflects an 8% increase in volumes and a 6% increase in average selling prices mainly driven by higher prices on our sales in the Americas. In North America our sales increased mainly due to higher sales of OCTG products in the United States and Canada and higher sales of OCTG and line pipe in Mexico. In South America, sales increased mainly due to higher sales of OCTG products in Argentina, Colombia and Guyana. In Europe sales declined reflecting lower sequential sales in the North Sea, following a strong second quarter, and seasonally lower sales of line pipe products to distributors. In the Middle East and Africa sales declined, reflecting ongoing destocking in the region and lower shipments of high value products to Qatar. In Asia Pacific, our sales declined mainly due to lower OCTG sales in China and lower sales of line pipe products in Indonesia.

Operating result from tubular products and services, increased to a gain of $200 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to a gain of $130 million in the previous quarter and a loss of $66 million in the third quarter of 2020. Operating results for our Tubes segment included severance charges of $7 million in the quarter, $8 million in the previous quarter and $27 million in the third quarter of 2020. During the quarter operating margin increased following a 6% increase in average selling prices while cost of sales increased only slightly as higher raw materials and energy costs were offset by a better industrial performance and absorption of fixed costs. SG&A as a percentage of sales also declined sequentially.

Others

The following table indicates, for our Others business segment, net sales, operating income and operating income as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated below:

Others 3Q 2021 2Q 2021 3Q 2020
Net sales ($ million) 147   132   11 % 66   121 %
Operating income (loss) ($ million) 31   21   47 % (5 )  
Operating margin (% of sales) 21.4 % 16.3 %   (6.9 %)  

Net sales of other products and services increased 11% sequentially and 121% year on year. The sequential increase in sales and in operating income was mainly related to the new oil services business in Argentina, sucker rods and industrial equipment in Brazil.

Selling, general and administrative expenses, or SG&A, amounted to $317 million, or 18.1% of net sales in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $297 million, 19.4% in the previous quarter and $234 million, 23.1% in the third quarter of 2020. SG&A expenses during the quarter included $3 million of leaving indemnities compared to $6 million in the previous quarter and $9 million in the third quarter of 2020. While SG&A expenses increased sequentially, mainly due to higher selling expenses (freights and commissions), provisions for contingencies and taxes, partially offset by lower labor costs, they declined as a percentage of sales.

Other operating results amounted to a gain of $8 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $34 million in the previous quarter and $7 million in the third quarter of 2020. The result of the quarter mainly includes the gain from the sale of fixed assets in Saudi Arabia, while in the previous quarter we had a $33 million gain from the recognition of fiscal credits in Brazil.

Financial results were close to zero in the third quarter of 2021, compared to a gain of $10 million in the previous quarter and a loss of $15 million in the third quarter of 2020. The result of the quarter corresponds mainly to a net interest expense of $1.3 million, partially offset by a net FX gain and other financial results of $1 million.

Equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies generated a gain of $154 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $146 million in the previous quarter and $21 million in the third quarter of 2020. These results are mainly derived from our equity investment in Ternium (NYSE:TX) and Usiminas, and reflect the good dynamics in the flat steel sector derived from record high steel prices.

Income tax charge amounted to $59 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $17 million in the previous quarter and a $28 million gain in the third quarter of 2020. Taxes increased during the quarter due to the better results at several subsidiaries following the improvement in activity.

Cash Flow and Liquidity of 2021 Third Quarter

Net cash provided by operating activities during the third quarter of 2021 was $53 million, compared to a use of $50 million in the previous quarter and a cash generation of $417 million in the third quarter of 2020. During the third quarter of 2021 cash used in working capital amounted to $276 million.

With capital expenditures of $74 million, we had a negative free cash flow of $21 million during the quarter. Our net cash position amounted to $830 million at September 30, 2021, from $854 million at June 30, 2021.

Analysis of 2021 First Nine Months Results

  9M 2021 9M 2020 Increase/(Decrease)
Net sales ($ million) 4,464   4,016   11 %
Operating income (loss) ($ million) 434   (670 )  
Net income (loss) ($ million) 717   (752 )  
Shareholders’ net income (loss) ($ million) 730   (741 )  
Earnings (losses) per ADS ($) 1.24   (1.26 )  
Earnings (losses) per share ($) 0.62   (0.63 )  
EBITDA ($ million) 877   446   97 %
EBITDA margin (% of net sales) 19.6 % 11.1 %  

The following table shows our net sales by business segment for the periods indicated below:

Net sales ($ million) 9M 2021   9M 2020   Increase/(Decrease)
Tubes 4,084 91 % 3,794 94 % 8 %
Others 380 9 % 222 6 % 71 %
Total 4,464   4,016   11 %

Tubes

The following table indicates, for our Tubes business segment, sales volumes of seamless and welded pipes for the periods indicated below:

Tubes Sales volume (thousand metric tons) 9M 2021 9M 2020 Increase/(Decrease)
Seamless 1,782 1,495 19 %
Welded 221 377 (41 %)
Total 2,003 1,871 7 %

The following table indicates, for our Tubes business segment, net sales by geographic region, operating income and operating income as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated below:

Tubes 9M 2021 9M 2020 Increase/(Decrease)
(Net sales – $ million)      
North America 2,122   1,717   24 %
South America 710   501   42 %
Europe 454   429   6 %
Middle East & Africa 623   900   (31 %)
Asia Pacific 174   247   (30 %)
Total net sales ($ million) 4,084   3,794   8 %
Operating income (loss) ($ million) 368   (619 ) 159 %
Operating margin (% of sales) 9.0 % (16.3 %)  

Net sales of tubular products and services increased 8% to $4,084 million in the first nine months of 2021, compared to $3,794 million in the first nine months of 2020 due to an increase in volumes of 7% and a 1% increase in average selling prices. Sales increased in the Americas and Europe while they decreased in the Eastern Hemisphere. Average drilling activity in the United States and Canada remained stable, while internationally it declined 16% compared to the first nine months of 2020.

Operating results from tubular products and services amounted to a gain of $368 million in the first nine months of 2021 compared to a loss of $619 million in the first nine months of 2020. Tubes operating results in the first nine months of 2020 were affected by $102 million of severance charges and by an impairment charge of $582 million, while severance charges amounted to $20 million in the first nine months of 2021. Additionally, during 2021 we benefited from a $34 million gain from the recognition of fiscal credits in Brazil, partially offset by $23 million higher costs associated to the winter storm Uri. In the year to date 2021 our operating income improved thanks to the increase in sales and a better industrial performance due to the increased levels of activity and utilization of production capacity.

Others

The following table indicates, for our Others business segment, net sales, operating income and operating income as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated below:

Others 9M 2021 9M 2020 Increase/(Decrease)
Net sales ($ million) 380   222   71 %
Operating income (loss) ($ million) 66   (51 ) 229 %
Operating margin (% of sales) 17.4 % (23.1 %)  

Net sales of other products and services increased 71% to $380 million in the first nine months of 2021, compared to $222 million in the first nine months of 2020. The increase in sales and profitability, are mainly due to higher sales from our new oil services business in Argentina which offers hydraulic fracturing and coiled tubing services, higher sales of excess raw materials and energy, sucker rods, industrial equipment in Brazil and pipes for plumbing applications in Italy.

SG&A amounted to $869 million in the first nine months of 2021, representing 19.5% of sales, and $877 million in the first nine months of 2020, representing 21.8% of sales. During the first nine months of 2020 SG&A includes $45 million of leaving indemnities, while in the first nine months of 2021 it includes $12 million. In the first nine months of 2021 selling expenses (freights and commissions), increased following the increase in sales, partially offset by lower labor costs and amortization of intangible assets.

Other operating results amounted to a gain of $50 million in the first nine months of 2021, compared to a gain of $5 million in the first nine months of 2020. The gain in 2021 is mainly due to a $34 million recognition of fiscal credits in Brazil and the profit from the sale of fixed assets in Saudi Arabia.

Financial results amounted to a gain of $21 million in the first nine months of 2021 compared to a loss of $51 million in the same period of 2020. The $15 million net finance income in the first nine months of 2021 includes a $17 million gain attributable to interests from fiscal credits in Brazil. Additionally, in the first nine months of 2021 we had a $6 million foreign exchange gain net of foreign exchange-derivative results, which is mainly related to the Euro depreciation on Euro denominated intercompany liabilities in subsidiaries with functional currency U.S. dollar and the Argentine peso devaluation against the U.S. dollar on our Argentine peso-denominated borrowings and liabilities.

Equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies generated a gain of $379 million in the first nine months of 2021, compared to a gain of $27 million in the first nine months of 2020. These results are mainly derived from our participation in Ternium (NYSE:TX) and Usiminas, and currently reflects the good dynamics in the flat steel sector derived from record high steel prices.

Income tax amounted to a charge of $117 million in the first nine months of 2021, compared to $58 million in the first nine months of 2020, reflecting better results in several subsidiaries following the increase in activity.

Cash Flow and Liquidity of 2021 First Nine Months

Net cash provided by operations during the first nine months of 2021 was $73 million (net of $673 million used in working capital), compared to $1,381 million (including $1,097 million working capital reduction) in the same period of 2020.

With capital expenditures of $171 million, we had a negative free cash flow of $98 million during the first nine months of 2021, compared to a positive free cash flow of $1,226 million in the first nine months of 2020.

Our net cash position amounted to $830 million at September 30, 2021, from $1.1 billion at December 31, 2020.

Conference call

Tenaris will hold a conference call to discuss the above reported results, on November 4, 2021, at 11:00 a.m. (Eastern Time). Following a brief summary, the conference call will be opened to questions. To access the conference call dial in +1 866 789 1656 within North America or +1 630 489 1502 Internationally. The access number is “6094263”. Please dial in 10 minutes before the scheduled start time. The conference call will be also available by webcast at ir.tenaris.com/events-and-presentations.

A replay of the conference call will be available on our webpage http://ir.tenaris.com/ or by phone from 2.00 pm ET on November 4 through 1:00 pm ET on November 12, 2021. To access the replay by phone, please dial +1 855 859 2056 or +1 404 537 3406 and enter passcode “6094263” when prompted.

Some of the statements contained in this press release are “forward-looking statements”. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current views and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks that could cause actual results, performance or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by those statements. These risks include but are not limited to risks arising from uncertainties as to future oil and gas prices and their impact on investment programs by oil and gas companies.

Press releases and financial statements can be downloaded from Tenaris’s website at http://ir.tenaris.com/


Consolidated Condensed Interim Income Statement

(all amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars) Three-month period ended
September 30,
Nine-month period ended
September 30,
  2021 2020 2021 2020
Continuing operations Unaudited Unaudited
Net sales 1,753,743   1,012,750   4,464,043   4,016,106  
Cost of sales (1,214,451 ) (855,873 ) (3,211,232 ) (3,191,860 )
Gross profit 539,292   156,877   1,252,811   824,246  
Selling, general and administrative expenses (316,708 ) (234,081 ) (868,519 ) (877,090 )
Impairment Charge       (622,402 )
Other operating income (expense), net 8,325   6,888   49,902   4,790  
Operating income (loss) 230,909   (70,316 ) 434,194   (670,456 )
Finance Income 4,988   4,904   32,203   10,573  
Finance Cost (6,320 ) (6,567 ) (16,826 ) (22,427 )
Other financial results 1,024   (13,377 ) 5,704   (39,013 )
Income (loss) before equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies and income tax 230,601   (85,356 ) 455,275   (721,323 )
Equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies 154,139   21,144   379,109   27,439  
Income (loss) before income tax 384,740   (64,212 ) 834,384   (693,884 )
Income tax (58,505 ) 28,328   (117,202 ) (58,039 )
Income (loss) for the period 326,235   (35,884 ) 717,182   (751,923 )
         
Attributable to:        
Owners of the parent 329,871   (32,946 ) 730,157   (740,975 )
Non-controlling interests (3,636 ) (2,938 ) (12,975 ) (10,948 )
  326,235   (35,884 ) 717,182   (751,923 )

Consolidated Condensed Interim Statement of Financial Position

(all amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars) At September 30, 2021   At December 31, 2020
  Unaudited    
ASSETS          
Non-current assets          
Property, plant and equipment, net 5,937,710     6,193,181  
Intangible assets, net 1,384,798     1,429,056  
Right-of-use assets, net 215,177     241,953  
Investments in non-consolidated companies 1,277,059     957,352  
Other investments 377,001     247,082  
Deferred tax assets 253,178     205,590  
Receivables, net 207,782 9,652,705   154,303 9,428,517
Current assets          
Inventories, net 2,477,445     1,636,673  
Receivables and prepayments, net 119,222     77,849  
Current tax assets 180,556     136,384  
Trade receivables, net 1,111,174     968,148  
Derivative financial instruments 7,612     11,449  
Other investments 457,861     872,488  
Cash and cash equivalents 513,781     584,681  
Assets held for sale 19,858 4,887,509   4,287,672
Total assets   14,540,214     13,716,189
EQUITY          
Capital and reserves attributable to owners of the parent   11,763,480     11,262,888
Non-controlling interests   178,729     183,585
Total equity   11,942,209     11,446,473
LIABILITIES          
Non-current liabilities          
Borrowings 111,442     315,739  
Lease liabilities 180,702     213,848  
Deferred tax liabilities 291,067     254,801  
Other liabilities 241,098     245,635  
Provisions 85,865 910,174   73,218 1,103,241
Current liabilities          
Borrowings 402,237     303,268  
Lease liabilities 39,417     43,495  
Derivative financial instruments 5,613     3,217  
Current tax liabilities 106,502     90,593  
Other liabilities 266,742     202,826  
Provisions 13,848     12,279  
Customer advances 56,738     48,692  
Trade payables 791,424     462,105  
Liabilities held for sale 5,310 1,687,831   1,166,475
Total liabilities   2,598,005     2,269,716
Total equity and liabilities   14,540,214     13,716,189

Consolidated Condensed Interim Statement of Cash Flow

    Three-month period ended
September 30,
Nine-month period ended
September 30,
(all amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars)   2021 2020 2021 2020
Cash flows from operating activities   Unaudited Unaudited
           
Income (loss) for the period   326,235   (35,884 ) 717,182   (751,923 )
Adjustments for:          
Depreciation and amortization   148,465   177,602   442,561   493,782  
Impairment charge         622,402  
Income tax accruals less payments   12,197   (55,288 ) 11,630   (57,583 )
Equity in earnings of non-consolidated companies   (154,139 ) (21,144 ) (379,109 ) (27,439 )
Interest accruals less payments, net   (490 ) 171   (12,537 ) 1,542  
Changes in provisions   4,618   1,798   14,216   (9,983 )
Changes in working capital   (275,622 ) 334,169   (672,712 ) 1,097,209  
Currency translation adjustment and others   (8,360 ) 15,848   (48,186 ) 12,922  
Net cash provided by operating activities   52,904   417,272   73,045   1,380,929  
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Capital expenditures   (74,306 ) (41,571 ) (170,871 ) (155,156 )
Changes in advance to suppliers of property, plant and equipment   1,308   709   (4,420 ) 826  
Acquisition of subsidiaries, net of cash acquired     38,481     (1,025,367 )
Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets   9,016   10,519   14,355   11,684  
Investment in companies under cost method   (692 )   (692 )  
Dividends received from non-consolidated companies       49,131   278  
Changes in investments in securities   35,500   (307,789 ) 278,423   (563,228 )
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities   (29,174 ) (299,651 ) 165,926   (1,730,963 )
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Dividends paid       (165,275 )  
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries   (148 )   (3,355 )  
Changes in non-controlling interests         2  
Payments of lease liabilities   (11,917 ) (10,870 ) (38,221 ) (35,813 )
Proceeds from borrowings   289,579   116,104   575,698   558,352  
Repayments of borrowings   (370,438 ) (127,031 ) (674,325 ) (698,153 )
Net cash (used in) financing activities   (92,924 ) (21,797 ) (305,478 ) (175,612 )
           
(Decrease) Increase in cash and cash equivalents   (69,194 ) 95,824   (66,507 ) (525,646 )
Movement in cash and cash equivalents          
At the beginning of the period   585,239   910,898   584,583   1,554,275  
Effect of exchange rate changes   (2,380 ) (2,324 ) (4,411 ) (24,231 )
(Decrease) Increase in cash and cash equivalents   (69,194 ) 95,824   (66,507 ) (525,646 )
    513,665   1,004,398   513,665   1,004,398  


Exhibit I – Alternative performance measures

EBITDA, Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.

EBITDA provides an analysis of the operating results excluding depreciation and amortization and impairments, as they are non-cash variables which can vary substantially from company to company depending on accounting policies and the accounting value of the assets. EBITDA is an approximation to pre-tax operating cash flow and reflects cash generation before working capital variation. EBITDA is widely used by investors when evaluating businesses (multiples valuation), as well as by rating agencies and creditors to evaluate the level of debt, comparing EBITDA with net debt.

EBITDA is calculated in the following manner:

EBITDA= Operating results + Depreciation and amortization + Impairment charges/(reversals).

(all amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars) Three-month period ended
September 30,
Nine-month period ended
September 30,
  2021 2020 2021 2020
Operating income (Loss) 230,909 (70,316 ) 434,194 (670,456 )
Depreciation and amortization 148,465 177,602   442,561 493,782  
Impairment   622,402  
EBITDA 379,374 107,286   876,755 445,728  

Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow is a measure of financial performance, calculated as operating cash flow less capital expenditures. FCF represents the cash that a company is able to generate after spending the money required to maintain or expand its asset base.

Free cash flow is calculated in the following manner:

Free cash flow = Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities – Capital expenditures.

(all amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars) Three-month period ended
September 30,
Nine-month period ended
September 30,
  2021 2020 2021 2020
Net cash provided by operating activities 52,904   417,272   73,045   1,380,929  
Capital expenditures (74,306 ) (41,571 ) (170,871 ) (155,156 )
Free cash flow (21,402 ) 375,701   (97,826 ) 1,225,773  

Net Cash / (Debt)

This is the net balance of cash and cash equivalents, other current investments and fixed income investments held to maturity less total borrowings. It provides a summary of the financial solvency and liquidity of the company. Net cash / (debt) is widely used by investors, rating agencies and creditors to assess the company’s leverage, financial strength, flexibility and risks.

Net cash/ debt is calculated in the following manner:

Net cash= Cash and cash equivalents + Other investments (Current and Non-Current)+/- Derivatives hedging borrowings and investments– Borrowings (Current and Non-Current).

(all amounts in thousands of U.S. dollars) At September 30,
  2021 2020
Cash and cash equivalents 513,781   1,005,152  
Other current investments 457,861   620,510  
Non-current investments 369,079   167,409  
Derivatives hedging borrowings and investments 3,381   (7,673 )
Current borrowings (402,237 ) (401,374 )
Non-current borrowings (111,442 ) (304,260 )
Net cash / (debt) 830,423   1,079,764  

Giovanni Sardagna
Tenaris
1-888-300-5432
www.tenaris.com


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